Every fourth person is disturbed due to bad breath. There can be many reasons for this, but the good thing is that its remedy is possible.

Although it is not a very serious health problem, it can have many ill effects.

ILL effects due to bad breath: -

  • Your social life may be spoiled.

  • Your distance from your boyfriend/girlfriend may be increased.

  • Your loved ones can turn away from you.

  • You may fail in the interview.

  • Your business meeting may be canceled.

  • You may feel embarrassment or mental inferiority.


What is  Bad  Breath?

"You got up from bed in the morning - you smelled from your mouth, you did a toothbrush - the smell went away, you came to the office - people are getting away from you - you took the mouthwash, but after an hour again there was the bad smell in your mouth, you had lunch - people smelled of garlic/onion from your breath, as you smoking cigarettes / drunk alcohol people smell the same. "

This persistent unpleasant odor from the mouth along with exhaled breath is called BAD BREATH or HALITOSIS or FETOR   ORIS.


Causes  of  Bad  Breath:

In most cases, bad breath is due to - poor hygiene of the mouth (teeth, gums, or tongue). There may be some other health problems as well.

1. Food Particles :

After the food particles get trapped between the teeth, the bacteria present there convert them into hydrogen sulfide gas or skatole and their smell comes out in the breath. This is the main reason.

2. Dry mouth (lack of saliva) and bad breath:

Saliva works as follows -

  • Saliva provides the enzymes needed to digest food.

  • By controlling the amount of acid saliva helps to stabilize the pH level in the mouth and prevent the growth of bacteria.

  • Saliva provides sufficient levels of oxygen which is necessary to keep the mouth tissues fresh and healthy.

Dry mouth or lack of saliva in the mouth (xerostomia) lowers oxygen levels in the mouth, creates an anaerobic environment, and Increasing the amount of acid increases the growth of bacteria formation, which produces sulfur and increases the smell.

Drinking small amounts of water or liquid makes saliva less.

Smoking and consumption of alcohol reduce saliva.

During sleep, saliva is secreted less at bedtime, so on getting up after sleeping, there is a bad odor in the mouth.

3. Tongue structure:

When the tongue size, roughness, and the filaments of the tongue are above average, the bacteria causing odor will get stuck on the tongue and form a yellow or white thick layer, these bacteria on the tongue cause bad breath.


4. Diet:

Protein-rich foods such as milk, cheese, other milk products, poultry, meat, fish, etc., contain an excess of sulfur-rich amino acids that are ideal for bacteria to grow and multiply. Therefore, the breath of non-vegetarians smells worse than veggies.

Most people smell bad after eating garlic, onions, curry spices, cabbage, etc. "It has been said that an apple a day can keep the doctor away, but a piece of onion can keep everyone away." 

Burning of fat as fuel, after a low carbohydrate diet or fasting for weight loss, produces smelly ketones, which can cause bad breath.

Sudden changes in the type of food can cause bad breath.

Acidic foods like coffee, tomato juice, orange juice, pineapple juice, grape juice, etc. can cause bad breath in some people. The acid helps to breed oral bacteria at a faster rate. (However, tea is comparatively less acidic than coffee).

Coffee also emits a special smell and this reduces saliva which causes bad breath.

5. Gums / teeth / throat (tonsil) infection:

Gum infection (Gingivitis) and bacterial infection of teeth (tooth decay or pyorrhea/periodontitis) lead to severe medical conditions - pain in the teeth and gums, blood and pus, swelling of the gums, tooth decay, etc.

They should be treated by a dentist, they get cured in a short time, otherwise, the teeth can be damaged.

Plaque and Tartar coating on the gums and teeth smells bad.

Throat infection - tonsillitis also causes a bad odor.

6. Other reasons:

The smell certainly felt after smoking, tobacco, alcohol consumption. Smoking and tobacco also worsen tooth color.

Stomach diseases - indigestion, sour belching, peptic ulcer, reflux disease (GERD), also causes bad breath.

Constipation - Due to constipation, toxins remain in the body, which can cause a bad smell.

Sinusitis and cold (the mucus coming out of the nose gets stuck in the mouth and gets stuck on the tongue).

Ketones are formed due to Diabetes and ketoacidosis which can cause bad breath.

Liver/kidney problems, stress, age, hormonal problems, snoring, etc. are some of the other reasons.

Some medicines like Methamphetamine, Phenothiazines, Chemotherapy chemicals, Nitrates, Vitamin supplements in large quantities, etc.

How to confirm Bad breath

(symptoms and diagnosis of bad breath):


Usually, we ourselves do not feel the smell. So how to know that our breath smells bad:-

Bad breath can be of three types:

(1) morning bad breath, (2) temporary bad breath, and (3) persistent bad breath.

You can detect bad breath in the following ways:-

  1. When brushing teeth if gums bleed, gums are swollen or they look red, then your breath can smell.

  2. Place the palm in front of your mouth, exhale against it and smell it.

  3. Lick the inside surface of your wrist or arm with your tongue and smell it after 4 seconds.

  4. Place a piece of cloth on the tongue, take it out after a few seconds and smell it when it dries.

  5. Breath from your mouth and nose in a paper bag and smell, a bad smell can be detected.

  6. You have put a face mask on your mouth, it will smell bad after approx one hour if your breath is odorous.

  7. If there is a white or yellowish layer on your tongue, there can be bad breath.

  8. The people in front of you can be asked.

  9. When the person in front of you turns his face while talking, puts his hands on his mouth, or gives you a piece of chewing gum, understand that there is an odor in your breath.

  10. If the bad breath is old and more, then you may feel it through your nose and mouth all the time.

  11. Find out with BreathAlert, Halimeter, etc.

  12. Get checked by your Dentist / Doctor.

  13. Other diagnostic methods may be used (with the advice of a dentist) such as gas chromatography, BANA test, Beta-galactosidase test.

Remedy/Solution/ Treatment of 
Bad Breath

Oral Hygiene:

  • Brush at least twice a day. There is a saying - "Brushing in the morning is good for beauty while brushing before bed is good for health."  *The proper method of brushing is given below.

  • Do flossing at least once (floss - dental thread used for cleaning the crevices between the teeth). The proper method of flossing is described below.

  • Brush your tongue or clean with a tongue cleaner.

  • Rinse your mouth with water after eating anything, if possible, with lukewarm water.

  • If you do not have time to brush your teeth after eating, use a toothpick or chew sugar-free chewing gum.

  • Take an antimicrobial mouthwash.

  • Use a mouth-freshener in an emergency.

  • Clean the denture with an antiseptic regularly.

Avoid dry mouth:

  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, drink a fruit juice so that more saliva can be made and clear the food particles from the mouth and reduce bacteria.

  • To increase saliva, chew chewing gum or consult a doctor about medicines to increase saliva and use them.

Change your diet / Take a balanced diet:

  • Eat fruits, vegetables, and salads instead of high protein food/meat.  Eat peanuts, carrots, apples, pears, cheese, and celery. Eat fresh food.

  • Eat plenty of fresh yogurt/curd - Acidophilus present in yogurt increases the amount of beneficial bacteria and decreases the amount of bad odor-causing bacteria.

  • Eat things containing vitamin C - keeps Gums healthy - cabbage, red chilies, strawberries, oranges, and kiwi fruit, etc.

  • Treat constipation - eat high sources of fiber - brown rice, peas, figs, dried beans, wheat products, and dried prunes. Regular bowel movements will remove toxins from the body that can cause bad breath.

  • Eat avocado fruit (alligator pear) - it significantly reduces bad breath.

  • Eat Beans - They are a well-balanced source of proteins and carbohydrates.

  • Stop or reduce smoking/tobacco/alcohol/coffee intake.

Consult a doctor / specialist:

  • Get your dentist to treat gums and dental diseases.

  • Find out the other cause of the bad smell and take remedies to get rid of it with the physician's advice like diabetes, peptic ulcer, indigestion, tonsillitis, sinusitis, colds, etc.

  • If you have acidity or peptic ulcer, take antacid and antibiotics (according to medical advice).

Home Remedies / Herbal Remedies To Control Bad Breath

  1. Chew anise, dill, or cardamom seeds. They remove the odor of the mouth and also have the ability to kill bacteria.

  2. Make a clove mouthwash and use it twice a day - keep 3 cloves in two cups of boiling water for about 20 minutes, filter with a sieve, and pour the liquid into a jar. Clove is known as a powerful antiseptic.

  3. Sprinkle a little salt on the lemon pulp and suck it. This will help prevent bad breath after eating onion or garlic.

  4. Chew celery/parsley or mint leaves. Celery leaves contain a natural breath freshener - chlorophyll.

  5. Fennel: To remove bad breath fennel can be used in two ways: (1) chew slowly so that saliva remains in the mouth, or (2) take a fennel capsule from the market and mix it with baking soda. Brush this paste on the teeth, gums, and tongue.

  6. Apple vinegar: After each meal, swallow a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar directly or mix in a glass of water. It will fight bad breath and help digest food.

  7. Brush the teeth with baking soda. Baking soda inhibits bacterial growth by neutralizing the acid in the mouth. You can also mouthwash with baking soda.

  8. Use toothpaste containing hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide is also helpful in keeping the sinuses healthy. Take 3% hydrogen peroxide from the market, mix with about 50% water and put five to ten drops in each nostril, and inhale deeply.

  9. Gargle with saltwater.

  10. Take food early in the morning so that enough saliva is formed.

If none of the above measures work, what can be done?

The following attempts can be made: -

1 Find out the primary cause: Fever, diabetes, liver disease, gastric disorder, etc. can cause bad breath. Removing the primary cause will automatically eliminate bad breath.

2 Modern Medicine: In case of infections use antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal drugs. Use steroids for chronic or autoimmune disorders. Pills that increase salivary secretion can also help.

3 Dental Cleaning: Remove PLAQUE and TARTAR from the teeth with the help of a dentist.

4 Root Canal Therapy (RCT): If the root of the tooth is damaged or hollow, it should be filled with silver amalgam or synthetic material by the dentist.

5 Tooth Extraction: If there is major damage to the teeth, it is best to extract/remove the teeth.

6 Tonsillectomy: For patients suffering from chronic tonsillitis, tonsillectomy or a new method of laser zapping should be done.

7 Psychological counseling and meditation.

8 Homeopathy: According to Dr. Robin Murphy, in homeopathy, more than 140 medicines are available for the treatment of bad breath - Antrim, Arnica, Sulfur, Pulsatilla, Nux Vomica, Psorinum, etc. Homeopathic tinctures such as Kerosot Q, Cinnamon Q, etc. are commonly used for gargling.

9 Low Carb Diet: If you are taking a low carb diet to lose weight, drink plenty of water to avoid the smell of ketones, chew fresh parsley leaves, chew sugar-free chewing gum, try to bleach your teeth. Brush and floss twice, regularly.

10 Keep in mind about recurrence: Once solved does not mean that the breath will never smell bad again. So always keep using the methods mentioned here.

The correct way of Brushing

  • Brush both sides of the teeth, in the middle, on the gums, on the tongue, inside the cheeks, on the roof of the oral cavity. The brush should cover all the gaps and corners.

  • Brush for 2 minutes.

  • Brush VERTICAL from above to below, not HORIZONTAL.

  • Brush with an angle of 45 degrees.

  • If toothpaste contains peroxide or baking soda, it would be better.

  • Change brushes every three months.

  • Must boil the brush in water at least once a week or wash it with antiseptic.

  • Special tip: Before applying the paste on the brush, just brush the teeth with only the toothbrush, this automatically removes the plaques/tartar on the teeth.

  • There should not be either sodium laurate or sodium benzoate or both in your toothpaste, it has been known from many types of research that they cause oral cancer.

Please note that all the toothpaste available in the market, whether from any company, herbal, or MLM. In all, these salts will be there as preservatives. The only ayurvedic paste that does not contain these carcinogenic chemicals is ON & ON's Herbal Paste, which is not only pure vegetarian and safe, but also removes all the odor of the mouth, gums/teeth diseases, plaque/tartar, dirty marks on teeth. 

For more information, message on this post or email - urmilasonihmg@gmail.com

The correct way of Flossing

  • Take about 18 inches of flossing thread or floss so that there is a clean thread for each tooth.

  • Fold the threads in the C-shape around the edges of the teeth and rotate them downwards.

  • Make sure to floss on the backside of the last teeth of both jaws.



Some people are so sensitive to the smell of breath that they keep clearing the mouth again and again whether they have bad breath or no name - this condition is called Halitophobia.


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